There is no doubt about it, sports is a no pain no gain world. But injuries, especially severe ones, will not just affect your overall performance. It will also cost you missed training days and get you into a lot of pain and stress in the long run. But do you know that most sports injuries are actually preventable if only common sense was applied? Here are six of the most common preventable sports injuries.
It’s always good to remember that sports injuries are common and visiting a sports physiotherapist in London can be a quick and easy way to recover from injury.
- Strains and sprains
These are the most common sports injuries and in fact, these could happen in almost all activities if a person is not careful. A sprain happens when a ligament tears or overstretches. Sprains could be anywhere from a minor to a complete tearing of the connective tissue.
Meanwhile, a strain is pulled muscle and this happens when a muscle or tendon stretches too far. Strains could also range from minor to severe strains. Avoiding overstretching, wearing protective equipment and learning safety techniques of the sport or activity can dramatically reduce injuries.
- Shin splints
A shin splint is pain along the shin specifically at the front outer part of the lower leg. This type of injury may also be present in the foot and the ankle as well as the region where the bone and the calf muscles meet. Shin splints are very common in runners who run on hard surfaces and this could be avoided by using shoes that offer efficient support for runners. Warm up exercises may also help reduce the likelihood of getting shin splints.
- Knee injuries
Sports-related knee injuries could vary from mild to severe. The most common injury are iliotibial band syndrome, runner’s knee or tendonitis while severe injuries include damage or bruising of the ligaments or cartilage found in the area. The most common ligaments injured in the knee are the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the medial collateral ligament (MCL), lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Using protective equipment such as knee pads and adequately padded footwear can significantly reduce knee injuries.
Fractures are broken bone and are very common sports injuries. A one-time injury to the bone is called an acute fracture while repeated stress on the bone for a long period of time is called stress fracture. Acute fractures of the arm or leg are very common and are caused by direct trauma to the bone or a fall. Stress fractures are mostly found along the legs or feet.
Fractures are preventable and this could be avoided by wearing proper safety attire and protective gear. Paying close attention to safety techniques will also help reduce the possibility of a fracture.
Dislocations or luxation is a type of injury when a force pushes the bone in a joint out of alignment. Sports that include excessive stretching or falling like football or basketball and contact sports are the most common causes of dislocations. Dislocations are treated as an emergency. Treatment includes placing the dislocated bone back in place, however, there might be tears in the surrounding connective tissue or joint. The most commonly dislocated joints in the body are the joints of the fingers, hand and shoulders. Big joints such as the knee, elbows and hips are less common. This type of sports injury may be prevented by wearing protective gear, by constant practice and by practising safety techniques and strategies.
A concussion is an injury to the brain brought about by a blow to the head. It is common in contact sports such as football, boxing and hockey. A concussion may or may not have loss of consciousness; common symptoms include disorientation, headaches, vision changes, dizziness, loss of balance, difficulty in concentration and nausea. Some people can recover only after a few weeks after a concussion but some may suffer lasting damage. This sports injury may be prevented by using regulated safety equipment such as helmets, harnesses and pads and by adhering to safety techniques of the sport.
Sports injuries are preventable and usually it just takes a little common sense. Do not forget to use safety equipment and always practice proper safety techniques.